May 23, 2017
Contact: Jennifer Clark| 202-785-5100

Nearly 3 in 4 American Families with Children Rely on Mothers’ Earnings

On Mother’s Equal Pay Day, new analysis finds that moms earn 29% less than dads

Washington, ”Three in four American families with young children rely on a mother’s earnings. A new analysis from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) finds that regardless of whether mothers are married or single, mothers have substantially lower earnings than fathers, with a slightly narrower gap for married mothers. Married mothers earned 73.3 percent of married fathers’ earnings ($44,000, compared with $60,000), while single mothers earned 70.7 percent of what single fathers earned ($31,100, compared with $44,000) in 2015. The analysis was released on Mothers Equal Pay Day, the day symbolizing how far into the year that mothers must work to earn what fathers earned in the previous year.

The analysis also found that, in American families with children, dual-earning married couples (51.0 percent of families with children) were the most common household type, while households headed by a single mother with earnings were the second most common type (19.7 percent). In all, almost three quarters (73.9 percent) of the 33 million American families with children included a working mother.

Mothers work, just as fathers’ said IWPR Program Director for Employment & Earnings Ariane Hegewisch.  But they earn much less for their efforts. Discrimination and the lack of a proper work-family policy infrastructure increase inequality and harm not only mothers, but also their children, partners, and communities.

In 2015, all mothers’  earned $16,000 less than fathers for full-time, year-round work ($40,000 at the median for mothers, compared with $56,000 for fathers), a gender wage gap of 28.4 percent, substantially higher than the gender wage gap for working women overall at 20.4 percent.

The effect of this earnings inequity accumulates over a lifetime and into retirement. Rather than formulating tax plans and government budgets that would exacerbate inequality, policymakers should focus on improving the economic fortunes of many American families by addressing gender inequality in earnings,” said IWPR President Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D.

Read the quick figure on IWPR.org.

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization that conducts and communicates research to inspire public dialogue, shape policy, and improve the lives and opportunities of women of diverse backgrounds, circumstances, and experiences.


Trumps Budget Hurts Women Worldwide

Jumwa Kabibu Kai’s labor in Kenya lasted three days and her nightmare lasted 50 years beyond that. She was suffering from obstetric fistula, a traumatic birth injury caused by prolonged labor that results in a hole in the mother’s birth canal, leading to permanent incontinence.

Easily preventable and treatable, obstetric fistula results in needless pain and often death for vulnerable mothers in countries lacking adequate medical care. UNFPA’s reproductive health services reach these mothers’ preventing and repairing obstetric fistula for women like Jumwa. But the Trump-Pence administration just defunded UNFPA’s work in their budget proposal.

For decades, Jumwa bore the pain and shame of her condition. Women with fistula are often cast out of their communities, and Jumwa was no exception. Her husband, family, and friends left her to suffer in total isolation.

After 50 years of hell, Jumwa recently found UNFPA at a fistula repair camp where she received the reconstructive surgery she desperately needed, and counseling to help rebuild her life. Will you donate today to ensure mothers continue to have access to these life-changing services?

Without U.S. funding, the estimated two million women around the world living with fistula could be denied the services that gave Jumwa her life back. We need your support now to make sure UNFPA’s services don’t disappear.

The Trump-Pence administration is blatantly ignoring the pain and suffering of vulnerable mothers around the world. Donate now to combat defunding and show the administration that they can’t play politics with mothers’ lives. Contact your member of Congress and Senator and tell them to include programs for women in the office.  Tell them not to forget women and children in the budget.

 For more information on celebrating women around the world visit A History of Celebrations
For more Information on women’s history link to the National Women History Project visit http://www.nwhp.org/


A Selection of Ohio NOW Education and Legal Fund Activities


 Court Cases/Legal Support/Amicus Briefs/Legislation


Affirmative Action

Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action (12-682)
Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin

Child Support

Vicki M. O’Malley v. Patrick J. O’Malley
Hubin v. Hubin
Carnes v. Kemp

 Civil Rights

Town of Greece v. Galloway


Evenwel v. Abbott

Disability Rights

Access Center for Independent Living v. Dayton Mall
Ohio House Bill 333 Attacks Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) bill copy
Doe v. State of Ohio
Hindel, Pierce, Denning and The National Federation of the Blind, Inc. v. Ohio Secretary of State
Olmstead v. L.C.
State of Ohio v. Below
Ball v. Kasich

Domestic Violence

Felton v. Felton
State v. Lucas
State v. Carswell


Fair Employment Protection Act
Don O. Smith v. Superior Tool & Die & Machine Co.
Elek v. Huntington National Bank
Louisiana Forestry Association Inc. v. Secretary U.S. Dept. of Labor
Harris v Quinn May
Young v. UPS


Defense of Marriage Act and California’s Proposition 8 cases
Gloucester County School Board v. G.G.
Obergefell v. Hodges


United States v Texas

Health Care

Preterm-Cleveland, Inc. v. Kaisch
Medicaid – Applying for Benefits http://ohionowelf.org/wp/?page_id=367
Capital Care Network of Toledo v. State of Ohio Department of Health
Whole Women’s Health v. Cole
Zubik v. Burwell
Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Contraceptive Coverage in Affordable Health Care Act
Ohio SB 297 Prohibits Abortions
McCullen v. Coakley
Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Americans With Disabilities Act and Peggy Young v. United Parcel Service

Sexual Harassment

McCormick v. K-Mart
Kerans v. Porter Paint Company


Shreve v. Franklin County 
State v. Mole 
Ohio v. Clark






What Ohio NOW Education and Legal Fund Does

  • Provides resource information and referral services to assist victims of sex discrimination, their families and advocates
  • Provides advocacy and support services to victims of discrimination and domestic violence
  • Supports efforts of legal counsel representing victims and provides links to state and/or national organizations focused on victim advocacy
  • Becomes involved with precedent setting legal cases in terms of filing amicus (friend of the court) briefs

    How Ohio NOW Education And Legal Fund Functions

    • Monitors state and federal courts to determine which cases pending could have an impact on the legal rights of women and girls for amicus brief filing consideration
    • Communicates and networks regularly with members of the legal profession across the state to be better able to provide resource information
    • Monitors state and federal legislation to determine which bills have the greatest impact on women and girls so members can provide educational materials to legislators and create public awareness

    By-Laws for Ohio NOW Education and Legal Fund

    As amended at 11/06/10, 12/7/13 Annual Meetings

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